0000005543 00000 n and treatment approaches according to individual client needs. Six underlying principles, or main beliefs, that serve as a framework for the study of contemporary child development. 14. Ella was born 2 weeks after Shane. Canada Principle of Child Centeredness. He can do it only if he has proper knowledge of the growth and development at various stage. to reach the Mission Statement which we set ourselves, we gain a Development Module 1: Principles of Child Growth and Development. child within his/her care, and will provide appropriate management It enables a child to develop satisfactorily in relation to various aspects or dimension of his personality. TOS4. 0000047407 00000 n and expansion of the child care field as a developing profession. The process by which it takes place is known as development. The child first pickup or exhibit general response and learn how to show specific and goal-directed responses afterwards. it proceeds from areas closest to the central nervous system outward to the extremities of the body. Human development is the product of the joint contribution of both, Ekramul Hoque M.Sc Microbiology(LPU), B.ED(CTE), D.EL.ED(SCERT), CTET (June-2019), Pingback:Kohlberg Theory Of Moral Development-B.Ed Notes, Your email address will not be published. A baby learns to reach for objects by maintaining an upright posture in order to facilitate the grasp, then he has to learn how to move his arm towards the desired object. Growth is quantitive in nature. (i) The different child develops at a different rate. behaviour of the particular age group. After reading this article you will learn about the principles and stages of child development. A teacher found that a student is facing difficulty in drawing a square. Sidney is not yet a master cutter, but each day he gains skill and confidence in using scissors. There are various ways the principle of integration maybe applied in education. Gradually this crying response becomes time- specific when he is hungry at intervals. A healthy body tends to develop a healthy mind and an emotionally stable, physically strong and socially conscious personality. It starts with pre-natal and ends with death. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Psychology. The other direction in which the body develops is known as “proximo-distal” fashion i.e. Therefore, the major changes are, more or less, predictable. The child develops as a Whole. The child and youth care worker will respect the uniqueness of each Development implies the overall change in shape, form or structure, along with the function of the organ. Systems integration 3. development “socially, mentally, physically and emotionally. Development is both quantitative and qualitative in nature. Difference Between Growth and Development? Every organism is a distinct creation in itself. Although develop does not proceed at a uniform rate and shows marked individual differences with regard to the process and outcome of various stages of development, yet it follows a definite pattern in one or the other dimension which is uniform and universal with respect to the individual of a species. 0000000910 00000 n Ten principles of child and youth care work. Leanne looks on in amazement and comments to Sione's father, who has just dropped him off, that she has never seen preschool children jump rope. Any two children born at the same time can be expected to differ somewhat as to their height, weight or levels of sensory and motor development and so on. child/youth is exposed to learning activities which promote his or and will ensure that additional support resources are available The child and youth care worker will recognise and provide for the We see this principle demonstrated in physical growth simply by comparing the changes that take place in the comparative sizes of different parts of the body. are considered as periods of life i.e. The principles listed below govern all aspects of development—physical, sensory-motor, cognitive, mental, behavioural development as well as social- emotional development etc. The knowledge of the above –mentioned principles of growth and development may prove beneficial to us in a number of ways describe below: 2. He cups his hand, stretches out his arm, scoops, and makes vrooming noises mimicing the action of the backhoe. In this video, I have discussed various principles of child development such as continuity, interrelation, integration, predictability etc. It is necessary, therefore, to study the facts of child development in order to understand the behaviour of the adults. Therefore, arm muscles develop before finger muscles. Which of the following is not a principle of human development? Continuity of care Growth and development interchangeably use, Growth is required for development and we can conclude from the above point, the principles of growth and development very essential for the teacher to develop curriculum according to the needs and ability of a child. emotional, social or language and concept development. While developing in relation to any aspect of personality. to her caregiver, who patiently works with her to pick up the pieces and fit them back in the spaces. It is the integration of whole and its parts as well as of the specific and general responses that make a child develop satisfactorily in various dimensions of his growth and development. We can go to a great extent, forecast the general nature and behaviour of a child in one or more aspects or dimension at any particular stage of its growth and development. Disclaimer Copyright, Psychology Discussion - Discuss Anything About Psychology, Growth and Development in a Child: Comparison | Psychology, Principles of Human Growth and Development, Cognitive Development in a Child | Educational Psychology, 4 Main Stages in Social Development of a Child | Psychology, Top 7 Natural Cure Methods to Keep a Man Healthy, Leadership Theories: Top 11 Theories of Leadership, Theories of Motivation in Management: Top 7 Theories, Notes on Attitude: Introduction, Formation, Changes and Measurement | Psychology, Notes on Socialization: Introduction, Culture, Structure, Status and Conflict | Psychology, Difference between Modern Family and Traditional Family | Psychology. Development is predictable, which means that with the help of the uniformity of pattern and sequence of development. The developmental stages are, in fact, not simply des­cription of age-related behaviour but according to Piaget the stages of development describing certain sequence of behaviour—the behaviours that gradually and predictably change in some specific order. Sudden spurts in development appear from time to time, especially during the first two years of life and at puberty. That is why, in the beginning, the child is seen to exercise control over the large fundamental muscles of the arm and then hand and only afterwards over the smaller muscles of the fingers. The child should be central figure in any scheme of curriculum construction. This view led the psychologists to explore broader aspects of behaviour at various stages of development and generalize the sorts of behaviour expected of children at various age levels. Where heredity decides or set some limits on development ( mostly physical), environmental influences complete the developmental process ( qualitative). The child and youth care worker will respect and uphold the physical Example: Child first starts to learn hand movement then finger movement and then learn the movement of both hand and finger together this is called integration. The child and youth care worker will ensure that the changing As he digs and dumps, he demonstrates his physical ability. 0000018855 00000 n In the beginning, a child learns through concrete objects and gradually moves to abstract thinking. He engages socially as he calls to his friend and asks him to plan. There is no fixed rate of development. 7. Principle of individual difference: Every organism is a distinct creation in itself. “adolescence”. It recognizes the distinct values held by families, communities, and cultures. use their own support networks, and act on their own choices and H�b```���l� ��ea�( r�B���f{ͦ���v�5�̈́��M����� �}���^�۷�{7܌T�i;�ݚez��.�Z:����Ȳ���T��'�)~�gT�$�[��h���R��L^p. 0000048559 00000 n