Among these are which verbs (and adjectives and adverbs) should be followed by a gerund, which by an infinitive, and which can be followed by either. He was fined for driving over the speed limit. Ex: die > dy, 1. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. Practice with verbs followed by infinitives and gerunds with a pirate theme to liven things up. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. On this page you can try some gerund and infinitive exercises to test your knowledge. What are Infinitives? Gerund and Infinitive Board Game. Gerunds can follow a preposition; infinitives cannot. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. Gerunds communicate a sense of continuing action because of use of 'ing'. Gerunds cannot be used in this position. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. The following are ways infinitives are used. By anarti Some practice on gerunds and infinitives. Can you touch your toes without bending your knees? (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. Rules for Using Gerunds and Infinitives to Describe an Action Rule 1) Use a gerund when the action that is being described takes place before the main verb. Some verbs are followed by a pronoun or noun referring to a person, and then an infinitive. (picking up /to pick up). Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Write in either the infinitive or gerund form, or if you think it could be either, write … (He remembered the fax and sent it.) In the first exercise there is a story about Ali, who is taking the IELTS test in order to go and study abroad. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Get As the subject of a sentence, but it is not common. By mariek12 Fun board game that focuses on gerund and infinitive. Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. “We … Wait for him. 5. to increase - at this stage we don't know if it will succeed or not. You need to fill in the blanks. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES. Giving your students a list of verbs that match each category can be useful, but some … Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. Ex. Written by Martine Johnston, International Student Centre. Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below) Warm-up Questions; Clarifying Questions Activity; Some rules in English just need to be memorized. The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. Infinitives are formed by adding “to” before a verb to make the phrase function as a noun. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. Usually gerunds are used when we refer to real activities or experiences. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. 6,544 Downloads . Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. 6. to build - at this stage we think he will be able to build a fence. Complete the sentences correctly and find... 7,191 Downloads . Note: Take care not to confuse the preposition “to” with an infinitive form, or with an auxiliary form such as have to, used to, going to. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. The use of gerunds and infinitives is dictated by the context though it is possible to use gerunds and infinitives interchangeably in most contexts. 4. either gerund or infinitive - both are possible here with no change in meaning. Be careful as “to” can also be a preposition, and thus a gerund form of a verb must be used after. (He remembered the act of send the fax) He remembered to send the fax. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Ex: to buy, to work. Follow this link to HyperGrammar at the University of Ottawa for a review of the parts of speech. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. A corkscrew is a tool for taking corks out of bottles. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence.