The most common anemone varieties include ‘Dorothy Mechen’, showing off light purple flowers, and ‘Adrienne Mechen’ a close cousin sprouting a pink center, trailing into bright white flowers at the tips. Follow these step-by-step instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule. Because of their tight, mounded habit and profusion of blooms, garden mums are perfect for mass plantings. In fact, chilly weather intensifies colors and keeps blossoms looking fresh until a hard, killing frost drops the curtain on the gardening year. Mums grown as perennials need to be divided every couple of years. Prepare mums for winter after the first hard frost. Fall planting lessens the chance of winter survival, however, because roots don't have time to establish themselves enough. The right chrysanthemum flowers for your garden will come from a diverse selection of hardy or garden mums. Resembling the long petals of ‘Spider’ and ‘Spoon’ mums, ‘Anemone’ has long petals, just more flat than it's semi-twin. Dig in a spadeful at planting time and topdress with more. Most mums are completely root-bound when you get them. For fall-planted mums to have a better chance of survival in cold areas, you need to give the roots and crown of the plant extra protection. For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. Huge blossoms measure up to 4 inches across. But take heart, for the fall garden offers all these flower shapes from just one plant: the chrysanthemum. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission. Repeat the process every two weeks until mid-July. Don't fertilize plants set out in fall as annuals, but the plants you hope to overwinter should get high-phosphorus fertilizer to stimulate root growth. In late summer, transfer the ready-to-bloom plants into the garden to take the place of tired-looking annuals. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. The key to those full, rounded domes of blooms that you associate with mums is pinching to create more branching and keep plants compact. True to their new designation, these oversize mums can measure 2 to 3 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet across by their third season,with a massive canopy of flowers — up to 5,000 per plant. When they're about 6 inches tall, pinch back the tops of each stem by 1-2 inches or so. Below is a list of the points for successfully growing any garden mum crop. Quilled mums resemble the single daisy type, only with the tubular petals. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Mums generally come in two types: Florist mums (also known as cutting mums) and hardy mums (also known as garden mums). If you bought large, full plants in the fall, they've already been pinched and are ready for planting. To repot, choose a container that is a little bigger than the last container. Monarch butterflies adore these shrubby wonders. Pinching Back: If you don't like the leggy look (who does? Water should drain freely through the soil and out the bottom of the pot when watering. | These flowers can handle several soil types, but they do best in rich soil that has sharp drainage. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site. Credit: Marty Baldwin. Spider chrysanthemums look a lot like the quilled and anemone mums. When you're trying to find deer- or rabbit-resistant plants, you'll need to learn largely by trial and error. Look for a plant with more buds than open flowers; it will last longer and the repotting process will be less traumatic for a plant not yet in full bloom. If nothing develops at the base of the plant, it's a sign that the plant did not survive the winter. Some of the most common spider mums are ‘Western Voodoo’, sprouting colors of orange and yellow, ‘Yellow Rayonnante’, showing off curvy petals, and ‘Seiko Fusui’, containing long, yellow, spider-like petals. Attractive florist mums are sold widely, but are not suitable for growing in the garden as they have a limited root system. When a killing frost is predicted, pot up your mums and bring them indoors to adorn the Thanksgiving table. It blooms midseason, with about 27 striking, reddish-bronze blossoms per plant. They're essential to holidays and casual gatherings. They can be either incurve (where petals curve up and in toward the flower center) or reflex (where petals curve out and down, away from the flower center). Florist mums planted outside are most likely being used as short-term bedding plants that will be removed when the blooms are spent or frost kills them. Unfortunately, the mums for sale in garden centers in the fall have been coddled in nurseries and coaxed to set buds for September blooms. As the spring flowers die back, the mums will fill in and hide their unattractive fading foliage. The name truly fits this type of mum, which sprouts beautiful spoon-shaped petals. Common diseases include botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, stem and root rots, verticillium wilt, aster yellows, and viruses. Several years ago, horticulturists at the University of Minnesota developed a new chrysanthemum hybrid described by perennial breeder Neil Anderson, Ph.D., as a "hardy shrub mum." And don’t forget the water. The Chrysanthemum ‘Lava’ Spider Mum resembles a firework caught mid burst. Mums aren't as expensive as many perennials, so if you want, you can plant them as annuals without worrying that you've spent too much money on something that might not live more than one season. Break up any roots you can, but do not damage the roots. To get the maximum effect from far away, stick to only one or two colors. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. With such bold colors, a large grouping of mums can excite even the most drab of fall landscapes. If you choose early-, mid-, and late-blooming varieties, you will enjoy a full seven weeks of bloom — a brilliant last act for any landscape. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. You can propagate mums several ways: division, seeds, and cuttings.